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Syllabus : History


Syllabus B.A. HISTORY

B.A.-I PAPERS

I Paper : Political History of Medieval India 1200 to 1526 A.D.

II Paper : History of Europe 1450 to 1789 A.D.

B.A. II

I Paper : Political History of Medieval India 1526 to 1740 A.D.

II Paper : History of Europe 1789 to 1870 A.D.

B.A. III

I Paper : Political History of Modern India 1740 to 1964 A.D.

II Paper : History of Europe 1871 to 1950 A.D.

III Paper : History of Indian Culture

B.A. I

Paper 1 : Political History of Medieval India 1200 - 1526 A.D.

UNIT-1 : 1. Significant source material of medieval India : Archaeological literary and historical

2. Historiography - Different Approaches

3. Rise of Turks, causes of Success of Arab invasion and its impact.

UNIT - 2 : Slave Dynasty :

1. Aibak - Early career, achievements as a commander, difficulties, an assessment.

2. Iltutmish -Early life, problems, achievements, an estimate, the successors and the rule of forty.

3. Razia - Her state policy, causes of her downfall, an assessment.

4. Balban - Early life and accession, his problems, theory of kingship, achievements, an estimate.

5. Causes of downfall of slave dynasty.

6. Khaliji Dynasty : Jalaluddin Firoz Shah Khaliji - Early life and career, significant events of his reign, foreign policy,

estimate. Alauddin Khaliji - Early career and accession, difficulties, theory of kingship, Hindu policy, Domestic policy, revolts and its remedies, Administrative system, Price control and Market regulations, foreign policy, southern conquest,

mongol invasion and its effects, an assessment.

UNIT - 3 : Tughlaq Dynasty :

1. Ghiasuddin Tughlaq - Domestic policy, foreign policy, death of Ghiasuddin.

2. Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq- Domestic policy schemes of Mohd. Tughlaq, Revenue reforms, Administrative reforms, foreign policy, Deccan policy, revolts, significance of his reign.

3. Firoz Shah Tughlaq - Early life, accession, was Firoz an usurper?, Domestic policy, foreign policy, Administrative reforms, an estimate. Invasion of Timur, causes and its effects. Causes of downfall of Tughlaq dynasty.

4. Sayyid Dynasty : Khizr Khan - Victories, achievements, character. Mubarak Shah - His achievements.

Alam Shah - Administrative achievements. 

5. Lodhi Dynasty : Bahlol Lodhi - Accession, main events of reign, character, assessment.

Sikander Lodhi - Main events of his life, foreign policy.

Ibrahim Lodhi - Domestic policy, foreign policy, causes of failure, an estimate.

UNIT - 4 :

1. Nature of state, different theories of kingship.

2. Causes of downfall of Delhi Sultanate.

3. Central and provincial administration, army organization.

4. Development of literate and architecture.

Books Recommended

(1) दिल्ली सल्तनत - ए.एल. श्रीवास्तव (Delhi Sultanate -A.L.Srivastava)

(2) दिल्ली सल्तनत - ए.पी. शर्मा (Delhi Sultanate -A.P.Sharma)

(3) पूर्व मध्यकालीन भारत - ए.बी. पाण्डेय (Early Medieval India - A.B. Pandey)

(4) Foundation of Muslim Rule in India - A.B.M. Habibullah

(5) Medieval Indian History - Ishwari Prasad

(7) History of Qaraunah Truks in India - Ishwari Prasad

(8) Growth of Khalji imperialism - Ishwari Prasad

(9) Alauddins Market Regulation - B.P. Saxena

(10) Chronology of Mohd. Tughlaq - N.H. Rizvi

(11) Firoz Shah Tughlaq - K.K. Basu

(12) Sikandar Lodhi as a founder - A. Halim

(13) The Administration of Sultanate of Delhi - I.H. Quraishi

(14) Some Aspects of Muslim Administration - R.P. Tripathi

(15) खिलजी वंश का इतिहास - के.एस. लाल 

(16) दिल्ली सुल्तनत-के.ए. निजामी 

Paper 2 : History of Europe  1450 - 1789 A.D.

UNIT - 1 : 1. Renaissance - Emergence, Nature & Impact.

2. The Reformation and Counter Reformation- Causes,

nature of reformation, results.

3. Rise of National States - Causes, main monarchies and their growth - Ferdinand, Isabella of Spain, Louis XI of France, England - Henery VII, Holy

Roman Empire.

4. Rise and Decline of Spain - Foreign Policy of

Charles V, Philip II, Revolt of Netherland, Thirty

Years War, Causes of downfall of Spain.

UNIT - 2 : 1. The Ascendancy of France - Background of religious and civil wars, Domestic policy of Henry IV, Regime

of Louis XIII.

2. France at her Zenith - Domestic and foreign policy of Louis XIV.

3. England and Industrial Revolution - Queen Elizabeth I, the age of stuarts, the civil war, Charles

II, James II and Glorious revolution, causes of industrial revolution and its effects.

4. The Age of Enlightened Despotism - Meaning, prominent enlightened despots - Fedrick the great, Maria Theresa, Joseph II of Austria, Catherine II, Weakness of enlightened despotism.

UNIT - 3 : 1. Rise of Modern Russia - Peter the great, Catherine II their foreign policies.

2. Austrian Empire - War of Austrian succession - Treaty of Aix-LA-Chapple, Causes of seven years war, The treaty of Hubertusberg, Foreign policy of Joseph II.

3. The Rise of Prussia - Domestic, foreign and religious policy of Frederick the great.

UNIT - 4 : 1. American War of Independence - Causes, events, results.

2. Commercial Revolution - Causes of Mercantilism, main thinkers, importance of Mercantilism and Criticism, Causes of its decline.

3. The Age of Reason - Main intellectuals, salient features of age of reason, impact of the age of reason. France on the eve of resolution - Political, economic, religious and social condition, intellectual revolution.

Books Recommended

(1) यूरोप का इतिहास - बी.एन. मेहता 

(2) यूरोप का इतिहास - आर.सी. अग्रवाल  (History of Europe - R.C. Agrawal)

(3) यूरोप का इतिहास - वी.डी. महाजन  (History of Europe - V.D. Mahajan)

(4) History of Modern Europe - Sucheta Mahajan

(5) यूरोप का इतिहास - एम.एल. शर्मा   

(6) यूरोप का इतिहास - गोपीनाथ शर्मा  

(7) Reading in European History - Bernard and Hedges

(8) A Political & Cultural History of Modern Europe - Hayes

(9) History of Europe - C.D. Hazen

(10) A Short History of Europe - J.A.R. Marriot

(11) Europe - Grant & Temperley

(12) Europe - L. Mukherji

(13) Europe - J. Roberts

B.A. II

Paper 1 : Political History of Medieval India

1526 - 1740 A.D.

UNIT - 1 : Sources -

1. Archaeological, literary and historical works.

2. Historiography - different approaches.

3. North India - Political scene.

UNIT - 2 : Babur -

1. Invasion, conquests, personality.

2. Humayun - Struggle, exile, restoration.

3. Shershah Suri - Civil, military and revenue

administration achievements.

Akbar -

1. Conquests, rajput policy, religious policy.

2. Deccan plicy, revolts, consolidation of empire.

3. Revenue administration, mansubdari system, estimate of Akbar.

UNIT - 3 : Jahangir -

Accession, twelve ordinances, revolts, influence of Nurjahan, Deccan policy, character of Nurjahan,

Estimate of Jahangir.

Shahjahan -

Accession, early revolts, N.W.F. policy, Deccan policy, Central Asian policy, War of succession.

Aurangzeb -

Early career, military exploits, religious policy, Deccan policy, Rajput policy, Revolts and reaction, Causes of failure of Aurangzeb character and

personality.

UNIT - 4 : Rise of Maratha Power under Shivaji, relations with Mughals, Sambhaji, Rajaram.

1. Later Mughals and emergence of new states - Awadh and Haiderabad.

2. Invasion of Nadirshah and Ahmad Shah Abdali.

3. Causes of downfall of Mughal Empire. Administration-Central, provincial, military, administration, revenue administration.

1. Law and justice.

2. Development of education and literature.

3. Architecture, painting.

Books Recommended

(1) मुग़ल कालीन भारत - ए.एल- श्रीवास्तव 

(2) Mughal Empire in India - S.R. Sharma

(3) उत्तर मध्यकालीन भारत - ए.बी. पाण्डेय 

Later Medieval India - A.B. Pandey

(4) मुग़ल समराज्य का उत्थान और पतन - आर.पी. त्रिपाठी (Rise and fall of Mughal Empire - R.P. Tripathi)

(5) Shershah and his times - K.R. Kanoongo

(6) Humayun Badshah - S.K. Banerji

(7) Akbar the Great Mughal - V.A. Smith

(8) अकबर महान भाग - I, II vkSj III - ए.एल. श्रीवास्तव  (Akbar the Great Vol, I, II & III - A.L. Srivastava)

(9) जहाँगीर - बेनी प्रसाद 

(10) शाहजहाँ - बनारसी प्रसाद सक्सेना 

(11) औरंगजेब - जदुनाथ सरकार 

(12) शिवाजी - जी.एस. सरदेसाई 

Paper 2 : History of Europe (1789 - 1870 A.D.)

UNIT - 1 : 1. French Revolution - Cases, events, impact on the world.

2. Rule of Directory - Problems, foreign policy, end of directory rule.

UNIT - 2 : 1. Napoleonic Era, Early achievements of Napoleon, Foreign policy as first consul, Napoleon as Emperor

of France, Continental system, Causes of Napoleons downfall.

2. Vienna Congress - Main principles and working, reconstruction of Europe.

3. The Concert of Europe - Its significance, causes of its failure.

UNIT - 3 : 1. Age of Metternick - Metternick and the Austrain

empire, German confederation and Metternick, Downfall of Metternick and its causes, evaluation.

2. The Revolution of 1830 - Causes, significance and effects.

3. The Revolution of 1848 - Louis Philippes home and foreign policy, causes of revolution, main events, impact, causes of failure.

UNIT - 4 : 1. Napoleon III - Home policy, foreign policy, causes of downfall, Liberalism and democracy in England.

2. The Unification of Italy - Different steps of the unification, significance.

3. Unification of Germany - Steps of German unification, Bismarks policy of blood and iron.

4. Eastern Question - Struggle for freedom in Greece

revolt of Egypt, The Crimean war - causes and effects, socialism in Europe.

Books Recommended

(1) यूरोप का इतिहास - बी.एन. मेहता 

(2) यूरोप का इतिहास - आर.सी. अग्रवाल (History of Europe - R.C. Agarwal)

(3) यूरोप का इतिहास - वी.डी. महाजन (History of Europe - V.D. Mahajan)

(4) History of Modern Europe - Sucheta Mahajan

(5) यूरोप का इतिहास - एम.एल. शर्मा 

(6) यूरोप का इतिहास - गोपीनाथ शर्मा 

(7) Europe since Napoleon - D. Thomson

(8) The Rise of Modern Europe - Hamilton

(9) A General History of Europe - Longman

(10) Europe - E. Lipson

(11) Struggle for Europe - A.J.P. Taylor

(12) Europe - Grant & Temperley

(13) Europe - L. Mukherji

(14) Europe - J. Roberts

(15) Bismarck - A.J.P. Taylor

B.A. III

Paper 1 : Political History of Modern India

1740 - 1964 A.D.

UNIT - 1 : 1. Advent of Europeans in India.

2. Policies and Programme of Expansion, Instruments of Expansion (Diplomacy & Wars).

3. Governor General of Bengal - Warren Hasting to

Cornwallis.

4. Anglo - Mysore Relations & Carnatic War.

5. Anglo - Maratha Struggle.

6. William Bentinck and his Policies.

7. Army and Police Administration.

8. Dalhousie and his policies.

UNIT - 2 : 1. Ideology of Raj and Racial Attitudes.

2. Revolt of 1857 - Causes, Nature, Ideology, Programme, Leadership, Peoples Participation.

3. British Repression and Response, Failure & impact of the Revolt of 1857.

UNIT - 3 : 1. British Relations with Princely States.

2. Policies of Lord Canning, Lytton, Ripon & Curzon.

3. The Acts - 1858, 1892, 1919 & 1935.

4. Emergence of Organized Nationalism - Formation of Indian National Congress and its Programme.

5. Trends till 1919 - Partition of Bengal, Swadeshi Movement.

UNIT - 4 : 1. Gandhian Movement - Nature, Programme, Social Composition.

2. The Revolutionary Movements.

3. Pre-Partition Politics - Simon Commission, August Offer, Cripps Mission, Cabinet Plan.

4. Communal Politics and Partition of India - Mountbatten Plan, C. Rajgopalacharya Plan.

5. Transfer of Power.

6. Vision of New India - Planned Economy, Working of Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime Minister.

7. Development of Science and Technology in Modern India.

Books Recommended

(1) आधुनिक भारत का वृहत इतिहास - जी.एस. छाबरा  (Advanced History of Modern India - Vol. I - III, G.S. Chabra.)

(2) आधुनिक भारत - सुमित सरकार (Modern India - Sumit Sarkar)

(3) Freedom Struggle - Bipan Chandra

(4) स्वंत्रता संग्राम - विपिन चंद्र, अमलेश त्रिपाठी, वरुण डे 

(5) Modern India - S.B. Chaudhary

(6) भारतीय राष्ट्रवाद की सामाजिक प्रष्ठभूमि - ए.आर. देसाई (Social Background of Indian Nationalism)

(7) Modern India - B.L. Grover

(8) भारत का स्वतंत्रता संघर्ष - सीताराम सिंह

(9) आधुनिक भारत का राजनैतिक इतिहास - यशपाल, ग्रोवर

(10) आधुनिक भारत का इतिहास - एल.पी. शर्मा  

(11) British Rule in India - Ram Gopal

(12) Hind Swaraj - M.K. Gandhi

(13) Britain & Muslim India - K.K. Aziz

(14) History of Freedom Movement in India - R.C. Majumdar

(15) A History of British India - W.W. Hunter  

(16) आधुनिक भारत में साम्प्रदायिकता - विपिन चन्द्र 

(17) स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन का इतिहास - सुभाष कश्यप 

Paper 2 : History of Europe

1871 - 1950 A.D.

UNIT - 1 : 1. Age of Bismark - Domestic Policy, Foreign Policy,

Estimate of Bismark.

2. Third Republic of France - Political Condition,

Foreign Policy, Treaty of Frankfurt.

3. Modern Italy - Early Difficulties and their Remedies,

Foreign Policy and Relation with Austria.

4. Russia-Eastern Question - Alexander III - Domestic & Foreign Policy, Slave Movement, Treaty of Senstepheno, Berlin Congress, Balkan Wars & Young Turk Revolt, its results.

5. England - Problem of Ireland, New Colonial Policy, Policy of Splended Isolation.

6. Germany - Home and Foreign Policy of William II, Englo-German Naval Rivalry.

7. Ist World War - Causes, Events, Results.

8. Peris Peace Settlement - 14 Points of Wilson, Treaties - St. German, Nevilly, Trianno, Severs, Assessment of Versailles Peris Settlement, The

Problem of Reparation.

UNIT - 2 : 1. Russia between two World Wars - Russian

Revolution of 1917, Lenin - Thoughts, Main achievements, New Economic Policy of Lenin,

Remaking of Russia, Stalin and his achievements.

2. The Nazi Germany - Causes of Rise of Hitler and Nazi Party, Ideology of Hitler and his Programme, Home Policy of Hitler, Assessment of Hitler.

3. The Fascist Italy - Causes of Rise of Fascism in Italy Mussolini (Fascist Dictator of Italy), Principles of Fascism, Home Policy of Mussolini.

UNIT - 3 : 1. Foreign Policy of France between two Word Wars -

Search for Security, Locarno Pact, Kellogg-Brian Pact.

2. The League of Nations - Constitution, Aims, Organization, Achievements, Causes of failure.

3. Disarmament- Need, Effects made for Disarmament Geneva Protocol, Causes of failure.

4. Economic Slump - Causes, Results, Political influences on Economic Depression.

UNIT - 4 : 1. Rise of Japan as a Modern World Power - Decline of Shogun Govt. & Restoration of Meiji Emperor,

Foreign Policy of Japan (1919 - 1945).

2. The Second World War - Causes, Results.

3. Cold War - Meaning, Causes, Development and Progress of Cold War.

4. Non Alignment Movement-Meaning, Characteristics, Weakness and Failure.

5. United Nations Organization - Aims and Objectives of U.N.O., Organization, Achievements, Significance.

Books Recommended

(1)  आधुनिक यूरोप - बी.एन. मेहता 

(2)  आधुनिक यूरोप  का इतिहास - वी.डी. महाजन 

History of Modern Europe - V.D. Mahajan

(3) यूरोप का इतिहास - दिना नाथ वर्मा  

(4)  विश्व का इतिहास - ए.के. मित्तल 

(5)  यूरोप का इतिहास - लाल बहादुर वर्मा  

(6) बीसवी शताब्दी का विश्व - के.एल. खुराना 

(7) यूरोप का इतिहास - एम.एल. शर्मा 

(8) Rise of Modern Europe - Hamilton

(9) A General History of Europe - Longman

(10) Bismarck - A.J.P. Taylor

(11) Hitler - A Bullock

(12) Evolution of Modern Italy - A.J. Whyte

(13) A History of War & Peace, 1939 - 1965 - W. Knapp

(14) Italy from Liberalism to Fascism - Watson

(15) Cold War and its origins - D. Fleming

(16) Europe - Grant & Temperley

(17) Europe - L. Mukherji

(18) Europe 1815 - 1960 - Anthony Wood

(19) Europe - E. Lipson

(20) Struggle for Europe - A.J.P. Taylor

(21) International Relations between Two World Wars - E.H. Carr

(22) A Short History of International Affairs - Garthone Hardy

Paper 3 : History of Indian Culture

UNIT - 1 :

1. Indus Valley Civilization - Source of Information, Social life, Religious Ideas and Beliefs, Art, Town Planning.

2. Vedic Period - Social condition, Religious condition, Council and Assembly, Ashrama system, Status of Women.

3. Jainism - Causes for the Religious Upheaval, Teaching of Mahavira & Principles of Jainism, Contribution of Jainism to Indian Culture.

4. Buddhism-Rise and Growth, Doctrines of Buddhism, Causes of Downfall, Contribution to Indian Culture.

5. Mauryan Period - Social Condition, Art and Architecture - Gandhara Art and Mathura Art, Religious Condition in Gupta Period, The Gupta Art.

UNIT - 2 : 1. Composition and Stratification of Rural Society - Structure of Urban Society, Upper Class, Ulema

Slaves, Middle Class, Common People, Painting, Architecture in Medieval Period, Development of Education in Medieval Period, Bhakti Movement - Causes, Prominent Saints, Growth and impact, Sufism - Meaning, Concept and Practices, Sects, Status of Women in Medieval Period.

UNIT - 3 : 1. Renaissance - Hindu Social and Religous Reformation Movements - Arya Samaj, Brahma Samaj, Theosophical Society, Ramkrishna Mission, Muslim Religious reform Movement - Bahavi, Deoband, Ahmadiya and Aligarh Movements.

2. Development of Modern Education - Macaulays Minutes, Woods dispatch to Radhakrishnan Committee Report.

3. Social Stratification - Proliferation of Castes, Untouchability, Lower Caste Movements, Peasant Societies & Movements, Rise of Middle Class, Development of Press & Media.

UNIT - 4 : 1. Social Legislation Passed by the British Govt. - Education, Emancipation of Peasants & Women,

Women - Status, Rights and Culture.

2. Architecture - Colonial Architecture - The New Towns, Colonial forts, Architecture in 20th Century.  

Books Recommended

(1)  प्राचीन भारत एक प्रारंभिक रुपरेखा - डी.एन. झा  

Ancient India An Introductory Outline - D.N. Jha

(2) अद्भुत भारत - ए.एल. बाशम (The Wonder that was India - A.L. Basham)

(३) भारत का इतिहास भाग-1 - रोमिला थापर (History of India Vol. I - Romilla Thapar)

(4) भारतीय राष्ट्रवाद की सामाजिक प्रस्ठभूमि - ए.आर. देसाई (Social Background of Indian Nationalism - A.R. Desai)

(5) आज का भारत - आर.पी. दत्ता 

(6) The History and Culture of Indian People - R.C.Majumdar

(7) Glimpses of Medieval Indian Culture - Yusuf Hussain

(8) Religious and Social Reforms - M.G. Ranade

(9) Art & Architecture of India - B. Rowland

(10) Modern India - Sumit Sarkar

(11) आज का भारत - रजनी पाम दत्त (India Today - Rajni Palm Dutt)

(12) The National Culture of India - Abid Hussain

(13) प्राचीन भारत का सामाजिक इतिहास - जयशंकर मिश्र

(14) प्राचीन भारत का आर्थिक और सामाजिक इतिहास - रामशरण शर्मा

(15) मध्यकालीन भारत भाग 1, 2 - हरिश्चंद्र वर्मा

(16) Evolution of Indian Culture - B.N. Lunia

(17) Medieval Culture - U.N. Dey

(18) Medieval Indian Culture - A.L. Srivastava

(19) Our Heritage - Humayun Kabir

(20) प्राचीन भारत का इतिहास - झा एवं श्रीमाली

(21) भारतीय चित्रकला- रामकृष्ण दास