STATE LEVEL SYLLABUS OF
SOCIOLOGY FOR UNDERGRADUATE
B.A. I Sociology
Paper Ist: Introduction to Sociology.
This introductory paper is intended to acquaint the students with sociology as a
social science and the distinctiveness of its approach among the social science. It is to be
organized in such a way that even students without any previous exposure to sociology
could acquire an interest in the subject and follow it.
Unit 1: The nature of Sociology.
The meaning of Sociology: Origin, Definition, Scope, Subject matter, Nature
and relation of sociology with other social Sciences. Humanistic orientation to
Unit 2: Basic concepts
Society, community, Institution, Association, Group, Social structure, status
and role, Human and Animal Society.
Unit 3: Institutions.
Family and kinship, religion, education, State.
Unit 4: The individual and Society.
Culture, Socialization, Relation between individual and society.
Unit 5: The use of Sociology.
Introduction to applied sociology-Sociology and social problems, Ecology
and Environment: Pollution, Global warming and Green house effect.
Impact of Industrialization and Urbanization on Environment.
Bottommore. T.B. 1972, Sociology: A guide to problems and literature.
Bombay :George Allen and Unwin (India)
: Harlambos, M.1998. Sociology: Themes and perspectives. New Delhi
Oxford University Press.
: Inkeles, Alex, 1987. What is Skociology? New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of
: Jaiaram, No. 1988 . What is Sociology .Madras:Macmillan, India
: Johnson, Harry M. 1995. Sociology: A Systematic Introduction. New
Delhi , Allied Publishers.
: Schaefer, Richard T. and Robert P. Lamm. 1999 Sociology. New Delhi
Tata-Mac Graw Hill.
: While introducing sociology as a social sciece emphasisshould be laid on
the distinctiveness of its perspective rather than on its substantive theme
: For effective teaching and meaningful learning, illustrations may be drawn
from relevant empirical studies.
: Throughout the course, conscious effort should be made to drive home the
relevance and significance of sociology for understanding society and in
attempting to solve its problems.
Paper II nd. Society in India: Structure and Change.
It is presumed that student has some familiarity with Indian sociery by virtue
Of the fact that he is a member of it and that he has observed and
Experienced some facts of it. However this familiarity is likely to be
Superficial selective and rather fragmentary. The course is aimed at recti-
-fying these limitations by presenting a comprehensive, integrated and
empirically –based profile of Indian society.
The continuity between the present and the past is an evident feature
Of Indian society. Though this continuity is reflected ink the structure of
the course. The focus is on the contemporary Indian society. It is hoped
that the sociological perspective on Indian society presented in this course
will also enable students to gain a better understanding of their own
situation and region.
Unit 1- The structure and composition of Indian Society: Villages, Towns, Cities, rural
Urban linkages, tribes, weaker section, dalits and O.B.C.’s, women and
minorities population profile and related issues.
Unit 2- Cultural and ethnic diversity, diversities in respect of language, caste, regional
and religious beliefs and practices and cultural pattern .
Unit 3- Basic Institutions of Indian society: Caste, marriage, religion, class, joint
family and democracy.
Unit 4- Culture: Material and Non material culture, cultural lag. Changes and
transformation in Indian society ,factors affecting National integration:
Regionalism Communalism and Naxalism.
:: Bose, N.K. 1967, Culture and Society in India.
Bombay : Asia Publishing House.
:: Bose, N.K. 1975, Structure of Hindu Society. New Delhi.
:: Dube, S.C. 1990, Society in India.(New Delhi: National Book Trust.)
:: Dube, S.C. 1995, Indian Village (London : Routledge)
:: Dube, S.C. 1958: India’s changing Villages (London: Routledge and
:: Karve, Irawati, 1961 : Hindu Society : An Interpretation(Poona : Deccan-
:: Lannoy, Richard, 1971: The Speaking Tree : A study of Indian Society
and Culture (Delhi: Oxford University Press).
:: Mandelbaum, D.G. 1970 : Society in India (Bombay: Popular Prakashan)
:: Srinivas, M.N. 1980 : India: Social Structure ( New Delhi: Hindustan
:: Srinivas, M.N. 1963: Social Change in Modern India (California, Berkeley:
University of California Press).
:: Singh, Yogendra,1973 : Modernization of Indian Tradition ( Delhi:
:: Uberoi, Patricia, 1993: Family, Kinship and Marriage in India (New Delhi:
Oxford University Press ).
:: The use of audio-visual media should be necessary and important componant
:: The participation and involvement of students should be ensured through
formal and informal discussions in the class room and field visits. They
should be encouraged to write short essays on the local situation and local
issues under the guidance of the teacher.
:: Wherever possible, illustrations should be drawn from the local situation .
Paper Ist. : Indian Society: Issues and Problems
Society in India today is undergoing rapid and massive changes. Many of the
Changes are such that they tend to call into question the age-old social
norms and practices, thus giving rise to some critical social issues and
This course is designed to indentify and analyze come of such emerging
Social issues and problems form sociological perspective. In the interest
of systematic ordering, the issues and problems have been classified
into four sets: structural, familial development and organizational.
The course seeks to go beyond the commonsense understanding of the
prevailing social issues and problems in order to project them into their
structural context. Accordingly, it focuses on their structural linkages
Hence the objectives of the course are to sensitize the students to the
emerging social issues and problems of contemporary India, enable them to
acquire sociological understanding of these issues and problems over and
above their commonsense understanding, empower them to deal with these
issues and problems and to serve as change agents both in governmental
and non-governmental and organizations.
Unit 1: STRUCTURAL: Poverty, inequality of caste and gender, Problemes of
Religious, ethnic and regional, minorities,backward classes and dalits.
Human Rights violation
Unit 2: FAMILIAL: Dowry, domestic violence, divorce, intra and inter-
Generational conflict, problemes of elderly.
Unit 3: DEVELOPMENTAL: Development induced displacement, ecological
degradation, consumerism, crisis of Values.
Unit 4: DISORGANIZATIONAL: Crime and Delinquency, White Collar crime
and criminals, drug addiction, suicide, terrorism, cyber crime. Corruption
in public sphere.
:: Beteille,Andre, 1974, Social Inequality, New Delhi, OUP
:: Beteille, Andre, 1992, Backward classes in Contemporary India,New Delhi
:: Berreman,G.D. 1979, Caste and other inequalities: Essays in inequality,
: Meerut:Folkore Institute.
:: Dube, Leela. 1997. Woman and Kinship . Comperative perspective on
Gender in South and Southeast Asia. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
:: Gadgil, Madhav and Guha, Ramchandra. 1996. Ecology and Equity:The Use
and abuse of nature in Contemporary India. New Delhi. OUP
:: Gill, S.S. 1998. The Pathology of Corruption . New Delhi.:
:: Guha, Ranjit, 1991. Subaltern Studies, New York: OUP
:: Inden, Ronald.1990 . Imaging India, Oxford: Brasil Blackward.
:: Lewis Oscar, 1966. “Culture of Poverty” Scientific American, Vol. II and V
No. 4pp. 1925.
:: Madan, T.N. 1991, Religion in India, New Delhi. OUP
:: Ministry of Home Affairs. 1998. Crime in India. New Delhi. Govt.of India.
:: Satya Murty. T.V. 1996 Region , Religion, Caste, Gender and Culture in
Contemporary India. New Delhi. OUP.
:: Sharma, S.L. 1997. “ Towards Sustainable Development in India” In S.R.
Mehta (Ed) , Population, Poverty, and Sustainable development, Jaipur.
:: Sharma, Ursula. 1983. Woman, Work and Property in North West India.
London : Tavistock.
:: Allen, Douglas (Ed).1991 . Religion and Political Conflict in South Asia,
West Port Conn. : Connecticut University Press.
:: Bardhman .P.1984, Land.: Labour and Rural Poverty. New Delhi. OUP.
:: Brekenbridge, C.1996, Consuming Modernity: Public Culture in
Contemporary India, New Delhi. OUP.
:: Singh, Anoop Kumar 2011. Ramification of Human Rights in India,
New Delhi, Serials Publication.
:: Guha,Ramchandra .1994. Sociology and the Dilemma of Development,
New Delhi: OUP
:: Juergensmeier, Mark 1993, Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular
State. New Delhi: OUP
:: Sharma, .L. 2000 Empowerment Without Antagonism: A case for
Reformulation of Woman’s Empowerment Approach .Sociological
Bulletin. Vol.49. No.1.
:: Waxman. 1983. The Stigma of Poverty: A Critique of poverty Theories and
Paper II: Social Change and Social Control
Social change and Social Control have always been a central concern of
Sociological study. So far as Social Change is concern, it has gained in
saliance Partly because of its unprecedented rapidity and partly because of
its planned character. The course is designed to achieve all aspect of
social change as well as of Social Control .
Unit 1: Social Change: Meaning. Nature and factors of Social Change : Biological
Factors. Demographic Factors, Technological Factors , Economic Factors
Cultural Factors , Info-tech factors .
Unit 2: Theories of Social Change : Demographic and Biological Theories:
Evolutionary, Diffusionist and Marxist theory, Technological Deterministic
Theory, Linear and Cyclical theories of Social change.
Unit 3: OTHER CONCEPTS RELATING TO SOCIAL CHANGE: Social process:
Industrialization, Urbanization, Mordernization and Sanskritization
Social Evolution, Social Change in India
Unit 4: Social Control: Definition, Need and Importance of Social Control, Types
Of Social Control, Theories of Social control
Agencies of Social Control: Family, Propaganda, Public Opinion, Education
and State, Religion.
Essential Reading :
Bottommore. T.B. 1972, SOCIOLOGY: A guide to problems and literature.
Bombay : George Allen and Union (India).
Gillin and Gillin, Cultural Sociology : The Mac millan and co.New York.
1950. Kingsley Davis- Human Society, The Mac millan and co.New York.
W.E. Moore, Social Change, Prentice-Hall of India. New Delhi 1965.
Herbert Spencer; First principles, New York 1906.
W.F. Ogburn and M.F. Nimkoff: A handbook of Socioloty, Routledge
and Kegan Paul Ltd. London 1960.
Maclver and Page, Society, London 1953.
B.A. III SOCIOLOGY.
Paper I – Foundations of Sociological Thought
Sociology originated as an intellectual response to the crisis confronting the
mid nineteenth century European society. Its development over two century since then
has been influenced by a variety of socio-economic and political conditions where it has
been taught and practiced. It is know established as a multi-paradigmatic academic
discipline, with its body of theoretical knowledge enriched and its methodological
techniques and procedures systemized, Nevertheless, some of its original concerns have
persisted and some of its classical theoretical and methodological landmarks are relevant
This paper is intended to familiarize the students with the social, political, economic and
intellectual contexts in which sociology emerged as a distinctive discipline. Its objective
is to help students gain an understanding of some of the classical contributions in
sociology, and their continuing relevance to its contemporary concerns.
Course Outlines :
Unit I: The Emergence of sociology: Transition from social philosophy to sociology-
The intellectual context. Enlightenment- The social, economic and political
forces : The French and Industrial Revolutions.
Unit II: The pioneers.
Comte: positivism- Spencer: Social Darwinism superorganic evolution.
the classical tradition: Durkheim: social solidarity, and suicide- Weber:
authority, and the concept of ideal type- Marx:materialist conception of
History, Dialectical Materialism, and class struggle – Pareto: circulation
Unit III: Development of Sociological Thought in India.
Aron, Ramond. 1967(1982 reprint). Main currents in sociological thoughts
(2 columes). Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.
Barnes, H.E. 1959. Introduction to the history to the sociology . Chicago
The University of Chicago press.
Coser, Lewis A. 1979. Masters of Sociological Thought. New York :
Harcourt Brance Jovanovich
Fletcher, Ronald. 1994.The Making of Sociology (2 volumes) Jaipur-Rawat.
Morrison, Ken.1995 Marx, Durkheim, Weber: Formation of Modern Social
Thought. London; sage.
Ritzer, George. 1996. Sociological Theory . New Delhi. Tata-McGraw Hill.
Singh, Yogendra. 1986 Indian Sociology: social conditioning and emerging
Trends. New Delhi: Vistaar.
Zeitlin, Irving.1998 (Indian Edition). Rethiking sociology: A critique of
Contemporary Theory. Jiapur: Rawat.
The focus of this paper is on the substantive, theoretical and methodological
I issues which shaped the thinking of pioneering and classical sociologists
And which continue to concern the practitioners of sociology today. Unless
Otherwise necessary to understand their contributions, the biographical
Details of the sociologist should be kept to the minimum.
:: Evaluation of the relevance and significance of the contributions of the
pioneers and classical theorist should be briefed by the historical context
of the discipline and its theorists.
Paper IInd: Social Research Methods
This course aims to provide an understanding of the nature of social
Phenomena, the issues involved in social research and the ways and means
Of understanding and studying social reality.
Thus the emphasis is there on the study of research method as a
means of understanding social reality. There are different perspectives and
methods (both quantitative and qualitative research) are to be
Unit I: Meaning, scope and significance of social research. Conceptualization and
and formulation of hypothesis.
Unit II: scientific Study of social Phenomena. The scientific method, logic in social
Science. Objectively and subjectivity in social science. Positivism and
Unit III: Methods of Research : Quantitative- Social Survey and qualitative
methods, -observation, case study, content analysis.
Unit IV: Types of Research- basic and applied, historical and empirical,
Descriptive, exploratory, explanatory experimental.
Unit V: Techniques of Data Collection:- Sampling techniques,
Questionnaire, schedule and interview guide, primary and secondary
Unit VI: Classification and presentation of data coding, tables, graphs,
Measures of central tendency: Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation and
Bajaj and Gupta. 1972, Elements of Statistics. New Delhi: R.Chand and Co.
Beteille, A. and T.N. Madan.1975, Encounter and experience: Personal
Accounts of Fieldwork. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.
Bryman, Alan. 1988 Quality and Quantity in Social Research ,London:
Garrett, Henry. 1981 Statistics in Psychology and Education. David Mckay.
Indian Publication-Mrs. A.F.Sheikh For Vakils, Bombay, Tenth Reprint.
Jayram, N.1989. Sociology: Methods and Theory. Madras: MacMillan.
Kothari, C.R.1989. Research Methodology : Methods and Techniques,
Bangalore, Wiley Eastern.
Punch, Keith. 1996. Introduction to Social Research, London: Sage.
Shipmen, Martin. 1988. The Limitations of Social Research.London Sage.
Srinivas, M.N. and A.M.Shah 1979: Fieldworker : The Field, Delhi Oxford.
Young, P.V. 1988 Scientific Social Survey and Research. New Delhi:
The uses of techniques and methods have to be understood alongwith the
Perspective that governs research. An effort should be made to distinguish
Between techniques and methods. Moreover, the teachers may convey the
Message to the students that the social context of research and its methods
Is fundamental to their understanding and application.
The purpose of the course is to train students as good research and
investigators. For this reason, understanding of social reality, especially the
local context, is imperative. Therefore, examples and illustrations may be
drawn from local / regional contexts for effective teaching and meaningful
The main efforts may be devoted to making students do exercises in the class
and, if possible, in the field. This will also make the course interesting and
give students the necessary practice to apply the techniques and methods in
the field situations as well as for data analysis.
Students may also be familiarized with published source material especially
the census reports. Use of OHP for the reading and interpretation of tables,
graphs etc. will be helpful.
B.A. III – SOCIOLOGY
Paper III – PIONEERS OF INDIAN SOCIOLOGY
The impact of various social thoughts and philosophies is very important in
The formation of Indian Society. To have a proper understanding of Indian
Social system, one must be acquainted to those thoughts. India has a rich
philosophical tradition. Their contributions to sociology is very remarkable
In this paper the students are introduced to some of the Pioneers of Indian
Unit I: Radha Kamel Mukerjee: Social structure of values. Social Ecology.
D.P.Mukerjee: Cultural diversities, Modernization.
Andre Betille: Social Stralification, Peasant Society and Folk Culture.
Unit II: G.S.Ghurye: Caste, Rural Urban Community.
Iravati Karve : Kinship in India.
Unit III: M.N.Srinivas: Sankritization, Secularization, and Dominant Caste.
S.C.Dubey: Indian Village, Tradition, Modernization and Development.
Unit IV: M.S.A. Rao, TK Ooman: Social Movements in India.
Yogendra Singh: Modernization of Indian Tradition,
Social change in India: Culture and resilence.
Dubey, S.C.: Society in India, New Delhi.National Book Trust.
Dubey, S.C. : Indian Village, London Routledge (1995)
Dubey, S.C.: India’s Changing Village, London Routledge(1958)
M.N.Srinivas: India: Social Structure New Delhi, Hindustan Publishing
M.N.Srinivas: Social Change in Modern India, California, Berkeley
University of California University Press 1963.
Singh,Yogendra: Modernization of Indian Tradition Delhi: Thomson Press
Karve Irawati : Hindu Society: An interpretation. Poone. Deccan College
G.S.Ghurye : Caste , Class and occupation, Popular Prakashan Bombay-
G.S.Ghurye: Culture and Society. Popular Prakashan Bombay-1945
D.N.Majumdar: Races and Culture of India, Asia Publishing House,
D.P.Mukerjee: Diversities. Peoples Publishing House, Delhi-1958
Ooman,T.K. and R.N.Mukerjee: Indian Sociology : Reflections and Intro-
-spections, Popular Prakashan, Bombay 1986
Andre Beteille: Essays in Comparative Sociology: Oxford University Press
Andre Beteille: Society and Politics in India. Essays in Comparative
Perspective: Oxford University Press: New Delhi.
The impact of thoughts on Indian social system must be kept in view.
Particularly on contemporary system. Emphasis on present relevance is