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Syllabus : Sociology

Syllabus: Sociology.






B.A. I Sociology

Paper Ist: Introduction to Sociology.


This introductory paper is intended to acquaint the students with sociology as a

social science and the distinctiveness of its approach among the social science. It is to be

organized in such a way that even students without any previous exposure to sociology

could acquire an interest in the subject and follow it.

Course Outline:

Unit 1: The nature of Sociology.

The meaning of Sociology: Origin, Definition, Scope, Subject matter, Nature

and relation of sociology with other social Sciences. Humanistic orientation to

Sociological study.

Unit 2: Basic concepts

Society, community, Institution, Association, Group, Social structure, status

and role, Human and Animal Society.

Unit 3: Institutions.

Family and kinship, religion, education, State.

Unit 4: The individual and Society.

Culture, Socialization, Relation between individual and society.

Unit 5: The use of Sociology.

Introduction to applied sociology-Sociology and social problems, Ecology

and Environment: Pollution, Global warming and Green house effect.

Impact of Industrialization and Urbanization on Environment.

Essential readings:

Bottommore. T.B. 1972, Sociology: A guide to problems and literature.

Bombay :George Allen and Unwin (India)

: Harlambos, M.1998. Sociology: Themes and perspectives. New Delhi

Oxford University Press.

: Inkeles, Alex, 1987. What is Skociology? New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of


: Jaiaram, No. 1988 . What is Sociology .Madras:Macmillan, India

: Johnson, Harry M. 1995. Sociology: A Systematic Introduction. New

Delhi , Allied Publishers.


: Schaefer, Richard T. and Robert P. Lamm. 1999 Sociology. New Delhi

Tata-Mac Graw Hill.


: While introducing sociology as a social sciece emphasisshould be laid on

the distinctiveness of its perspective rather than on its substantive theme

of study.

: For effective teaching and meaningful learning, illustrations may be drawn

from relevant empirical studies.

: Throughout the course, conscious effort should be made to drive home the

relevance and significance of sociology for understanding society and in

attempting to solve its problems.

Paper II nd. Society in India: Structure and Change.

Objectives :

It is presumed that student has some familiarity with Indian sociery by virtue

Of the fact that he is a member of it and that he has observed and

Experienced some facts of it. However this familiarity is likely to be

Superficial selective and rather fragmentary. The course is aimed at recti-

-fying these limitations by presenting a comprehensive, integrated and

empirically –based profile of Indian society.

The continuity between the present and the past is an evident feature

Of Indian society. Though this continuity is reflected ink the structure of

the course. The focus is on the contemporary Indian society. It is hoped

that the sociological perspective on Indian society presented in this course

will also enable students to gain a better understanding of their own

situation and region.

Course outline:

Unit 1- The structure and composition of Indian Society: Villages, Towns, Cities, rural

Urban linkages, tribes, weaker section, dalits and O.B.C.’s, women and

minorities population profile and related issues.

Unit 2- Cultural and ethnic diversity, diversities in respect of language, caste, regional

and religious beliefs and practices and cultural pattern .

Unit 3- Basic Institutions of Indian society: Caste, marriage, religion, class, joint

family and democracy.

Unit 4- Culture: Material and Non material culture, cultural lag. Changes and

transformation in Indian society ,factors affecting National integration:

Regionalism Communalism and Naxalism.



Essential readings:

:: Bose, N.K. 1967, Culture and Society in India.

Bombay : Asia Publishing House.

:: Bose, N.K. 1975, Structure of Hindu Society. New Delhi.

:: Dube, S.C. 1990, Society in India.(New Delhi: National Book Trust.)

:: Dube, S.C. 1995, Indian Village (London : Routledge)

:: Dube, S.C. 1958: India’s changing Villages (London: Routledge and

Kegan Paul).

:: Karve, Irawati, 1961 : Hindu Society : An Interpretation(Poona : Deccan-


:: Lannoy, Richard, 1971: The Speaking Tree : A study of Indian Society

and Culture (Delhi: Oxford University Press).

:: Mandelbaum, D.G. 1970 : Society in India (Bombay: Popular Prakashan)

:: Srinivas, M.N. 1980 : India: Social Structure ( New Delhi: Hindustan

-Publishing Corporation)

:: Srinivas, M.N. 1963: Social Change in Modern India (California, Berkeley:

University of California Press).

:: Singh, Yogendra,1973 : Modernization of Indian Tradition ( Delhi:

Thomson Press).

:: Uberoi, Patricia, 1993: Family, Kinship and Marriage in India (New Delhi:

Oxford University Press ).


:: The use of audio-visual media should be necessary and important componant

of instruction.

:: The participation and involvement of students should be ensured through

formal and informal discussions in the class room and field visits. They

should be encouraged to write short essays on the local situation and local

issues under the guidance of the teacher.

:: Wherever possible, illustrations should be drawn from the local situation .

B.A.II Sociology

Paper Ist. : Indian Society: Issues and Problems


Society in India today is undergoing rapid and massive changes. Many of the

Changes are such that they tend to call into question the age-old social

norms and practices, thus giving rise to some critical social issues and


This course is designed to indentify and analyze come of such emerging

Social issues and problems form sociological perspective. In the interest

of systematic ordering, the issues and problems have been classified

into four sets: structural, familial development and organizational.

The course seeks to go beyond the commonsense understanding of the

prevailing social issues and problems in order to project them into their


structural context. Accordingly, it focuses on their structural linkages

and interrelationships.

Hence the objectives of the course are to sensitize the students to the

emerging social issues and problems of contemporary India, enable them to

acquire sociological understanding of these issues and problems over and

above their commonsense understanding, empower them to deal with these

issues and problems and to serve as change agents both in governmental

and non-governmental and organizations.

Course outlines

Unit 1: STRUCTURAL: Poverty, inequality of caste and gender, Problemes of

Religious, ethnic and regional, minorities,backward classes and dalits.

Human Rights violation

Unit 2: FAMILIAL: Dowry, domestic violence, divorce, intra and inter-

Generational conflict, problemes of elderly.

Unit 3: DEVELOPMENTAL: Development induced displacement, ecological

degradation, consumerism, crisis of Values.

Unit 4: DISORGANIZATIONAL: Crime and Delinquency, White Collar crime

and criminals, drug addiction, suicide, terrorism, cyber crime. Corruption

in public sphere.

Essential readings:

:: Beteille,Andre, 1974, Social Inequality, New Delhi, OUP

:: Beteille, Andre, 1992, Backward classes in Contemporary India,New Delhi


:: Berreman,G.D. 1979, Caste and other inequalities: Essays in inequality,

: Meerut:Folkore Institute.

:: Dube, Leela. 1997. Woman and Kinship . Comperative perspective on

Gender in South and Southeast Asia. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

:: Gadgil, Madhav and Guha, Ramchandra. 1996. Ecology and Equity:The Use

and abuse of nature in Contemporary India. New Delhi. OUP

:: Gill, S.S. 1998. The Pathology of Corruption . New Delhi.:

:: Guha, Ranjit, 1991. Subaltern Studies, New York: OUP

:: Inden, Ronald.1990 . Imaging India, Oxford: Brasil Blackward.

:: Lewis Oscar, 1966. “Culture of Poverty” Scientific American, Vol. II and V

No. 4pp. 1925.

:: Madan, T.N. 1991, Religion in India, New Delhi. OUP

:: Ministry of Home Affairs. 1998. Crime in India. New Delhi. Govt.of India.

:: Satya Murty. T.V. 1996 Region , Religion, Caste, Gender and Culture in

Contemporary India. New Delhi. OUP.

:: Sharma, S.L. 1997. “ Towards Sustainable Development in India” In S.R.

Mehta (Ed) , Population, Poverty, and Sustainable development, Jaipur.

Rawat Publications.

:: Sharma, Ursula. 1983. Woman, Work and Property in North West India.

London : Tavistock.



:: Allen, Douglas (Ed).1991 . Religion and Political Conflict in South Asia,

West Port Conn. : Connecticut University Press.

:: Bardhman .P.1984, Land.: Labour and Rural Poverty. New Delhi. OUP.

:: Brekenbridge, C.1996, Consuming Modernity: Public Culture in

Contemporary India, New Delhi. OUP.

:: Singh, Anoop Kumar 2011. Ramification of Human Rights in India,

New Delhi, Serials Publication.

:: Guha,Ramchandra .1994. Sociology and the Dilemma of Development,

New Delhi: OUP

:: Juergensmeier, Mark 1993, Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular

State. New Delhi: OUP

:: Sharma, .L. 2000 Empowerment Without Antagonism: A case for

Reformulation of Woman’s Empowerment Approach .Sociological

Bulletin. Vol.49. No.1.

:: Waxman. 1983. The Stigma of Poverty: A Critique of poverty Theories and



Paper II: Social Change and Social Control


Social change and Social Control have always been a central concern of

Sociological study. So far as Social Change is concern, it has gained in

saliance Partly because of its unprecedented rapidity and partly because of

its planned character. The course is designed to achieve all aspect of

social change as well as of Social Control .

Unit 1: Social Change: Meaning. Nature and factors of Social Change : Biological

Factors. Demographic Factors, Technological Factors , Economic Factors

Cultural Factors , Info-tech factors .

Unit 2: Theories of Social Change : Demographic and Biological Theories:

Evolutionary, Diffusionist and Marxist theory, Technological Deterministic

Theory, Linear and Cyclical theories of Social change.


Industrialization, Urbanization, Mordernization and Sanskritization

Social Evolution, Social Change in India

Unit 4: Social Control: Definition, Need and Importance of Social Control, Types

Of Social Control, Theories of Social control

Agencies of Social Control: Family, Propaganda, Public Opinion, Education


and State, Religion.

Essential Reading :

Bottommore. T.B. 1972, SOCIOLOGY: A guide to problems and literature.

Bombay : George Allen and Union (India).

Gillin and Gillin, Cultural Sociology : The Mac millan and co.New York.

1950. Kingsley Davis- Human Society, The Mac millan and co.New York.


W.E. Moore, Social Change, Prentice-Hall of India. New Delhi 1965.

Herbert Spencer; First principles, New York 1906.

W.F. Ogburn and M.F. Nimkoff: A handbook of Socioloty, Routledge

and Kegan Paul Ltd. London 1960.

Maclver and Page, Society, London 1953.


Paper I – Foundations of Sociological Thought


Sociology originated as an intellectual response to the crisis confronting the

mid nineteenth century European society. Its development over two century since then

has been influenced by a variety of socio-economic and political conditions where it has

been taught and practiced. It is know established as a multi-paradigmatic academic

discipline, with its body of theoretical knowledge enriched and its methodological

techniques and procedures systemized, Nevertheless, some of its original concerns have

persisted and some of its classical theoretical and methodological landmarks are relevant

even now.

This paper is intended to familiarize the students with the social, political, economic and

intellectual contexts in which sociology emerged as a distinctive discipline. Its objective

is to help students gain an understanding of some of the classical contributions in

sociology, and their continuing relevance to its contemporary concerns.

Course Outlines :

Unit I: The Emergence of sociology: Transition from social philosophy to sociology-

The intellectual context. Enlightenment- The social, economic and political

forces : The French and Industrial Revolutions.

Unit II: The pioneers.

Comte: positivism- Spencer: Social Darwinism superorganic evolution.

the classical tradition: Durkheim: social solidarity, and suicide- Weber:

authority, and the concept of ideal type- Marx:materialist conception of

History, Dialectical Materialism, and class struggle – Pareto: circulation

of elites.

Unit III: Development of Sociological Thought in India.

Essential readings:


Aron, Ramond. 1967(1982 reprint). Main currents in sociological thoughts

(2 columes). Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Barnes, H.E. 1959. Introduction to the history to the sociology . Chicago

The University of Chicago press.

Coser, Lewis A. 1979. Masters of Sociological Thought. New York :

Harcourt Brance Jovanovich

Fletcher, Ronald. 1994.The Making of Sociology (2 volumes) Jaipur-Rawat.

Morrison, Ken.1995 Marx, Durkheim, Weber: Formation of Modern Social

Thought. London; sage.

Ritzer, George. 1996. Sociological Theory . New Delhi. Tata-McGraw Hill.

Singh, Yogendra. 1986 Indian Sociology: social conditioning and emerging

Trends. New Delhi: Vistaar.

Zeitlin, Irving.1998 (Indian Edition). Rethiking sociology: A critique of

Contemporary Theory. Jiapur: Rawat.


The focus of this paper is on the substantive, theoretical and methodological

I issues which shaped the thinking of pioneering and classical sociologists

And which continue to concern the practitioners of sociology today. Unless

Otherwise necessary to understand their contributions, the biographical

Details of the sociologist should be kept to the minimum.

:: Evaluation of the relevance and significance of the contributions of the

pioneers and classical theorist should be briefed by the historical context

of the discipline and its theorists.

Paper IInd: Social Research Methods


This course aims to provide an understanding of the nature of social

Phenomena, the issues involved in social research and the ways and means

Of understanding and studying social reality.

Thus the emphasis is there on the study of research method as a

means of understanding social reality. There are different perspectives and

methods (both quantitative and qualitative research) are to be


Course outline:


Unit I: Meaning, scope and significance of social research. Conceptualization and

and formulation of hypothesis.

Unit II: scientific Study of social Phenomena. The scientific method, logic in social

Science. Objectively and subjectivity in social science. Positivism and


Unit III: Methods of Research : Quantitative- Social Survey and qualitative

methods, -observation, case study, content analysis.

Unit IV: Types of Research- basic and applied, historical and empirical,

Descriptive, exploratory, explanatory experimental.

Unit V: Techniques of Data Collection:- Sampling techniques,

Questionnaire, schedule and interview guide, primary and secondary


Unit VI: Classification and presentation of data coding, tables, graphs,

Measures of central tendency: Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation and


Essential Readings:

Bajaj and Gupta. 1972, Elements of Statistics. New Delhi: R.Chand and Co.

Beteille, A. and T.N. Madan.1975, Encounter and experience: Personal

Accounts of Fieldwork. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.

Bryman, Alan. 1988 Quality and Quantity in Social Research ,London:

Unwin Hyman.

Garrett, Henry. 1981 Statistics in Psychology and Education. David Mckay.

Indian Publication-Mrs. A.F.Sheikh For Vakils, Bombay, Tenth Reprint.

Jayram, N.1989. Sociology: Methods and Theory. Madras: MacMillan.

Kothari, C.R.1989. Research Methodology : Methods and Techniques,

Bangalore, Wiley Eastern.

Punch, Keith. 1996. Introduction to Social Research, London: Sage.

Shipmen, Martin. 1988. The Limitations of Social Research.London Sage.

Srinivas, M.N. and A.M.Shah 1979: Fieldworker : The Field, Delhi Oxford.

Young, P.V. 1988 Scientific Social Survey and Research. New Delhi:

Prentice Hall.



The uses of techniques and methods have to be understood alongwith the

Perspective that governs research. An effort should be made to distinguish

Between techniques and methods. Moreover, the teachers may convey the

Message to the students that the social context of research and its methods

Is fundamental to their understanding and application.

The purpose of the course is to train students as good research and

investigators. For this reason, understanding of social reality, especially the

local context, is imperative. Therefore, examples and illustrations may be

drawn from local / regional contexts for effective teaching and meaningful


The main efforts may be devoted to making students do exercises in the class

and, if possible, in the field. This will also make the course interesting and

give students the necessary practice to apply the techniques and methods in

the field situations as well as for data analysis.

Students may also be familiarized with published source material especially

the census reports. Use of OHP for the reading and interpretation of tables,

graphs etc. will be helpful.




The impact of various social thoughts and philosophies is very important in

The formation of Indian Society. To have a proper understanding of Indian

Social system, one must be acquainted to those thoughts. India has a rich

philosophical tradition. Their contributions to sociology is very remarkable

In this paper the students are introduced to some of the Pioneers of Indian


Unit I: Radha Kamel Mukerjee: Social structure of values. Social Ecology.

D.P.Mukerjee: Cultural diversities, Modernization.

Andre Betille: Social Stralification, Peasant Society and Folk Culture.

Unit II: G.S.Ghurye: Caste, Rural Urban Community.

Iravati Karve : Kinship in India.

Unit III: M.N.Srinivas: Sankritization, Secularization, and Dominant Caste.

S.C.Dubey: Indian Village, Tradition, Modernization and Development.


Unit IV: M.S.A. Rao, TK Ooman: Social Movements in India.

Yogendra Singh: Modernization of Indian Tradition,

Social change in India: Culture and resilence.

Essential readings:

Dubey, S.C.: Society in India, New Delhi.National Book Trust.

Dubey, S.C. : Indian Village, London Routledge (1995)

Dubey, S.C.: India’s Changing Village, London Routledge(1958)

M.N.Srinivas: India: Social Structure New Delhi, Hindustan Publishing

Corporation. 1980

M.N.Srinivas: Social Change in Modern India, California, Berkeley

University of California University Press 1963.

Singh,Yogendra: Modernization of Indian Tradition Delhi: Thomson Press


Karve Irawati : Hindu Society: An interpretation. Poone. Deccan College


G.S.Ghurye : Caste , Class and occupation, Popular Prakashan Bombay-


G.S.Ghurye: Culture and Society. Popular Prakashan Bombay-1945

D.N.Majumdar: Races and Culture of India, Asia Publishing House,

Bombay 1958.

D.P.Mukerjee: Diversities. Peoples Publishing House, Delhi-1958

Ooman,T.K. and R.N.Mukerjee: Indian Sociology : Reflections and Intro-

-spections, Popular Prakashan, Bombay 1986

Andre Beteille: Essays in Comparative Sociology: Oxford University Press

New Delhi.

Andre Beteille: Society and Politics in India. Essays in Comparative

Perspective: Oxford University Press: New Delhi.


The impact of thoughts on Indian social system must be kept in view.

Particularly on contemporary system. Emphasis on present relevance is