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Syllabus : Education

B.A. EDUCATION [Bachelor of Arts in Education]

Year Paper Marks

B.A. I Paper I – Principles of Education 50

Paper II – History and Development of Indian Education 50

B.A. II Paper I – Educational Psychology 50

Paper II – Thoughts and Practices in Education 50

B.A. III Paper I – New Trends and Innovation in Education 50

Paper II – Measurement and Evaluation in Education 50

Paper III- Optional 50

A – Educational Administration.

B - Tests in Education

Total = 350


Paper-I – Principles of Education

Objectives –

1. To enable the students to develop an understanding of aims and function of education.

2. To obtain an understanding the agencies of education.

3. To help the student’s to understand education for National Integration, International understanding & Human Rights, Value.

UNIT - I : • Education – Its Meaning- Nature and scope

• Aims of Education

• Functions of Education

UNIT - II : • Agencies of Education-Formal, Informal and Non-formal.

• Family, school and state.

• Mass Media of communication.

UNIT – III : • Education and social change

• Education and democracy

• Education and Culture

• Value Education & Yoga Education


• Education for National Integration

• Education for International understanding

• Education for Human resource Development.

• Human Rights Education, Human Rights & Duties in Indian constitution.


1. Aggarwal J.C. - Theory and Principles of Education, New Delhi Vikas Publishing House.

2. Saxena, N.R. Swaroop - Principles of Education, Meerut R. Lal Book Depot, 1996.

3. लाल रमन बिहारी - शिक्षा के सिद्धान्त 

4. पाठक पी.डी. - शिक्षा के सिद्धान्त. विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर, आगरा 


Paper-II – History and Development of Indian Education

Course Objectives

1. To understand the development of Education in India in historical


2. To understand the salient features of Indian Education, ancient,

medieval and modern periods.

3. To acquaint the students with significant points of selected documents

and reports of these periods.

4. To have an adequate knowledge of the recommendations of various

commissions and committees on Indian Education.

UNIT-I- : Education in Ancient and Medieval India characteristics of

Gurukul, Matha/Vihar, Madaras and Maktabs.

UNIT-II- : British Education in India-oriental-occidental controversy,

Macaulay’s minute, wood’s dispatch. Hunder commission,

Gokhle-bill, Sadler commission, wardha scheme.

Unit-III- : Main recommendations of commissions in India University

Education Commission (1948-49), Secondary Education

Commission (1952-53), Report of the Education Commission

(1964-66), National Policy on Education 1986, Programme of

Action, Revision of National Policy on Education -1990, 92,

National Knowledge Commission.

UNIT-IV- : Problems of Pre-primary, Primary Secondary, Higher Education.

Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Shanti Niketan, Podicherry Ashram,

Chitrakoot Gramodaya Viswa Vidhyalaya.


1. Ghosh, S.C. (1989) : Education Policy in India since warren Hastings, Calcutta; N-Prakashan.

2. Mukherjee R.K. (1960) : Ancient Indian Education, Delhi; Motilal Banarasi Das.

3. Nurallah, S & J.P. Naik : A student’s History of Education in India, The Macmillan Co. of India Ltd. (1974).

4. Chaube, S.P. : History and Problems of Indian Education Agra; Vinod Pustak Mandir, Agra.

6. अग्निहोत्री आर. : आधुनिक भारतीय शिक्षा, समस्याये और समाधान, जयपुर : राजस्थान, ग्रन्थ अकादमी.

7. उपाध्याय आर.बी. % भारतीय शिक्षा की सामयिक समस्याएं, आगरा, विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर

8. चौबे सरयू प्रसाद एवम अखिलेश चौबे : भारतीय शिक्षा का इतिहास एवं समस्याएं, अयोध्या भवदीय प्रकाशन

9. पाठक पी.डी. तथा बी.पी. जौहरी, : भारतीय शिक्षा  का इतिहास, आगरा % विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर 

10. रावत, पी.एल. : भारतीय शिक्षा का इतिहास, आगरा युनिवर्सल पब्लिशर्स 


Paper –I – Educational Psychology

Objective : To help the students to :

- Understand the concept of Educational Psychology.

- Understand the methods of Studying human behavior.

- Understand meaning and purpose of learning and factors affecting

learning. Role of educational psychology to increase memory in

the Individual.

- Understand concept of Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence and

Personality and factors affecting personality.

- The Role of educational psychology to understand the problems of exceptional children.

- Understand Elementary knowledge of statistic.

UNIT- I : Definition and Nature of Educational Psychology, Relation between Education and Psychology, Importance of Educational Psychology for a teacher, methods of Educational Psychology- Introspection, Observation, Experimental and Case Study.

UNIT- II : Concept of learning, theories of learning, conditional Reflex

theory, Theory of Trial and Error, Insight theory, Role of Motivation in learning laws of learning.

UNIT- III : Individual difference and its Educational Importance. Concept of

Intelligence and I.Q. Concept of Emotional Intelligence and E.Q. Definition of personality and its determinants.

UNIT- IV : Mental Health : Meaning & Ways of Promoting mental health.

Education of Exceptional Children– Gifted, Creative & Backward. Books Recommended -

1 Bhatnagar Suresh : Advanced, Educational Psychology, Lal Book Depot, Meerut.

2 Chauhan S.S : Advanced Educational Psychology, Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi.

3 Chronback, L.J. : Education Psychology Harcourt – Bruce & Co. New York

4 Crno L.d. and Alice crow : Educational Psychology, New York, Willey.

5 Burt C. : The Back ward child, London, University in London Press.

6 Shonkar dai : Problem Children, Atma Ram and Sons, Delhi.

7 Terman, L.M. & Oden M.H. : The Gifted child Grous UP Calijornia, Standard University, Press.

8. पाठक पी.डी. :  शिक्षा, मनोविज्ञान,  विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर, आगरा 

9. सिंह ए.के. :  शिक्षा, मनोविज्ञान, पटना, भारती भवन.

10. माथुर एस.एस. :  शिक्षा, मनोविज्ञान,  आगरा दिनाक पुस्तक मंदिर 


Paper-II – Thought and Practices in Education

Objective – To enable the students

• To understand the contribution of philosophy to education.

• To understand about the contribution various school of philosophy & few of the Great Indian Thinkers to the field of       Education.

• To acquaint with the educational practices.

UNIT – I : Philosophy and Education – Concept, Nature and Relationship. Definition of Educational Philosophy.

UNIT – II : Essential aspects of following schools of Philosophy – Idealism, Naturalism, Pragmatism and Realism.

UNIT – III : Educational thoughts and contribution of Sri Aurbindo, Geeju Bhai, Tagore, Gandhiji and Vivekanand.

UNIT – IV : Educational Practices – Kindergarten, Montessori, Dalton Plan, Project Method.


1. Mani, R.S. Educational Ideas of Gandhi and Tagore, New Delhi, New Book Society of India.

2. Pandey, R.S. An Introduction to Major Philosophies of Education, Agra ; Vinod Pustak Mandir.

3. Sharma, S.R. Philosophy of Education, New Delhi; Mohit Publications.

4. Kabir, Humyum : Indian Philosophy of Education Asia Publishing House, Mumbai.

5. Ramchandani S. : Great thoughts on Education, D.V.S. Publication Distribution, Guwahati.

6. अग्रवाल एस.के. शिक्षा के दार्शनिक एवं समाज शास्त्रीय आधार, आगरा, भार्गव बुक हाउस.

7. गुप्त लक्ष्मी नारायण, महान पाश्चात्य एवं भारतीय शिक्षा शास्त्री, इलाहबाद, कैलाश प्रकाशन.

8 चौबे, एस.पी. एवं अखिलेश चौबे, शिक्षा के दार्शनिक एवं समाज शास्त्रीय आधार, इलाहाबाद शारदा पुस्तक भवन.

9. पाण्डेय रामशक्ल, शिक्षा की दार्शनिक एवं समाजशास्त्री प्रस्ठभूमि, आगरा, विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर. 

10. माथुर एए.एस. शिक्षा के दार्शनिक तथा समाजशास्त्री आधार, आगरा विनोद पुस्तक मंदिर. 

11. लाल रमण बिहारी : शिक्षा के दार्शनिक आधार रस्तौगी पब्लिकेशन आगरा 


Paper –I – New Trends and Innovations in Education

Objectives :

- To develop understanding of significant trends in contemporary education.

- To develop awareness of various innovative practices in education.

- To acquaints with the role of technology in spreading education among masses.

- To develop understanding of self learning technical devices.

UNIT- 1 : 1. Innovation – concept and Need of innovation in view of technological

and social change.

2. Obstacles in innovation, Role of education in bringing innovations.

3. Role of UNICEF in introducing innovations in Indian School Education.

UNIT- 2 : 1. Early childhood care and education under Article 45 of the Constitution

of India, Balwadi, Aanganwadi and other efforts in public and private

sectors at state and central levels.

2. Private initiatives of some innovations in education – Pratham,


3. State supported innovations; Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Lok Jumbish,

Eklavya, Mahila Samakhya.

National Level – Brief Account of right to education, National Literacy

Mission & Adult Education, Life Skill Education.

UNIT- 3 : 1. Changing face of school and University in the age of information,

communication, an technology.

2. Education through interactive radio, television, computer and internet,

Tele & Video conferencing, EDUSAT.

3. Role of e-learning in education; e-content, e-magazines and e-journals.

UNIT- 4 : 1. Distance Education – concept, need, benefits and limitations, ‘Distance

Education’ and ‘Open education’, Open School, Open University,

Virtual University.

2. Idea of nurturing rural talent; The Navodaya Vidyalaya Sangathan.

3. Changing School in the era of liberalization, privatization and



Chauhan S.S. (1994) : Innovations in teaching hearing process,

Vikas Publishing House P. Ltd, New Delhi.

Sharma, A.R. : Educational Technology, Vinod Pustak Mandir, Arra.

Laxmi S. (1989) : Innovations in Education, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi

Mohanti, J. (1982) : Indian Education the Emerging Societies, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi

सिंह भाई योगेन्द्र जीत  : शिक्षा में नवाचार एवं नविन प्रवर्तिया 

Websites of MHRD, IGNOU, NIOS, Navodaya Vidyala Sangathan.